Bipolar disorder

There are times when you feel on top of the world, full of energy and enthusiasm, ready to take on any challenge, but there are also times when you feel sad and exhausted, like everything is heavy and difficult. These ups and downs are normal parts of life and part of the human experience. For some people, these mood swings are much more extreme and prolonged than normal. This may be the case in people with bipolar disorder.
In brief

With bipolar disorder, you experience manic and depressive episodes. The treatment consists of guidance, medication and various forms of therapy. There are two types: bipolar disorder type I and type II.

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is characterized by manic and depressive episodes. Manic periods are accompanied by a lot of energy, cheerfulness or irritability, while depressive periods are expressed in gloom, fatigue and feelings of worthlessness. There are two types: bipolar disorder type I and type II.

  • Depression: During a depressive episode, you feel down, you have little energy and interest in activities, and you may suffer from sleep problems and feelings of worthlessness.
  • Mania: During a manic episode, you are extremely active, high-spirited, impulsive, and may have unrealistic thoughts. This can lead to problems at work, in relationships, and in making decisions.
  • Hypomania: Hypomania is a milder form of mania with less severe symptoms. You may feel energized and cheerful, but the symptoms are less intense and usually don't cause major problems.
  • Bipolar I Disorder: This type is characterized by at least one manic episode, possibly alternating with depressive episodes. During a manic episode, symptoms can be so severe that hospitalization is required.
  • Bipolar Disorder Type II: This type is characterized by one or more depressive episodes and at least one hypomanic episode. The manic episodes are less severe than in type I.
Causes of bipolar disorder

The exact cause is unknown, but hereditary predisposition and stressful situations may play a role in the development of bipolar disorder.


Treatment includes counseling, medications, psychoeducation, self-management, and psychotherapy. Treatment is tailored to the type of bipolar disorder and the severity of the symptoms.

Indoor Synthese there are several treatments available to help people with bipolar disorder. The most common treatments are:


Taking medications is an important part of treating bipolar disorder. Mood stabilizers, such as lithium, help manage mood swings and prevent both manic and depressive episodes. Antipsychotics, antidepressants, and anti-anxiety medications may also be prescribed, depending on the patient's specific symptoms and needs.


Various forms of psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), can help people with bipolar disorder better understand and manage their symptoms. These therapies focus on teaching healthy coping strategies and improving communication and relationships with others.

Lifestyle advice and self-management

Learning healthy habits and managing stress can help stabilize mood and reduce the risk of developing future episodes. Sleep, nutrition, exercise, and relaxation techniques are important aspects of self-management in bipolar disorder.


Increasing knowledge about the condition and learning skills to recognize symptoms and manage them effectively can help both the patient and their loved ones cope with bipolar disorder. Family members and friends play a vital role in supporting someone

What do you notice?

Manic Period:

  1. Have a lot of energy
  2. Feeling extremely happy or excited
  3. Needing less sleep than usual
  4. Talk fast and change the subject quickly
  5. Being restless or agitated
  6. Having overconfidence
  7. Exhibit more risky or impulsive behavior (such as spending a lot of money or driving recklessly)

Depressive period:

  1. Feeling very sad or hopeless
  2. Having little interest in activities you normally enjoy
  3. Sleeping more or less than usual
  4. Tired or having little energy
  5. Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
  6. Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
  7. Thinking about self-harm or suicide
Want to know more?

Contact us to learn more about our services and how we can support you on your road to recovery.

We can be reached Monday to Friday from 9.00 a.m. to 17.00 p.m. on telephone number:

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