Psycho trauma

You have experienced something very bad, you have frequent bad memories or nightmares, you suddenly feel like you did during the trauma, you avoid situations that remind you of the trauma or startle you, you have sudden outbursts of anger and you feel very bad stretched.

If the above applies to you, you are showing signs of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), or an anxiety/panic response.

It is as if the event is happening again and again before your eyes, as if you are reliving it over and over again. This is post-traumatic stress. You do everything you can to avoid these thoughts. For example, you no longer go to the place where it happened. You avoid the people who were involved in the bad incident, or who remind you of it. You are easily startled and feel a lot of fear in your body.


It is not clear why one person develops post-traumatic stress disorder after a major event and the other does not.

The following things play a role:

  • what kind of event it was: a war or child abuse, for example, gives rise to complaints more often than other events
  • how long the events lasted and how bad they were
  • what the events mean to someone

How vulnerable someone is may also play a role:

  • Vulnerability probably arises from unpleasant experiences as a very young child: the stress system is then probably adjusted incorrectly.
  • Vulnerability may also be due to hereditary predisposition: the stress system is then less stable due to hereditary predisposition.

What actually protects against PTSD is support from other people.??Support and recognition after bad events reduces the chance of PTSD. People who have learned to actively tackle problems in their youth are also less likely to develop PTSD.


Anxiety complaints are generally treatable. Together with your therapist, you look at what makes you feel anxious and experience re-experiences. Some people with anxiety symptoms suffer from PTSD. PTSD, especially after one or more events, is very treatable. EMDR is often used in PTSD. This technique ensures that the emotional charge of a bad memory decreases.

Your treatment may consist of:

  • individual therapy;
  • family therapy;
  • group therapy;
  • relaxation therapy;
  • medication.

You will receive an explanation about the complaints and how unhelpful thoughts can ensure that you continue to feel bad. You will also learn how to convert unhelpful thoughts into helpful thoughts. You will also receive information about how to relax better.


Sometimes (temporary) antidepressants or a sedative are prescribed in combination with therapy. These can reduce anxiety and clear up the highs and lows in mood. However, medication is only prescribed when it is really necessary.

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